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Pakistan-United States Relations

3 May

History of Pakistan-United States Relations

History of Pakistan

After the Partition of India and Pakistan in 1947, Pakistan is given half of Punjab and the current territory of Bangladesh, formerly known as East Pakistan. The assassination of Pakistan’s first Prime Minister, Liaquat Ali Khan in 1951 paves way for the Pakistani military to engage in political affairs, which lead to internal instability and the prevention of democracy. Fear of Indian threats to their nation, Pakistan desperately seeks national security, which their own military failed to provide.

 

U.S. Gets Involved


-U.S. gives aid to Pakistan

Fearing Soviet expansion, the U.S signs the Mutual Defense Agreement with Pakistan in 1954, funding a total of $508 million of military aid from 1953 to 1961.

-U.S. suspends aid to Pakistan

When the second war over Kashmir breaks out between Pakistan and India in 1965, the U.S. suspends military aid to both of its allies.

-U.S. resumes aid to Pakistan

Shortly after the Indo-Pak war over Kashmir, the U.S. resumes non-military aid to Pakistan.

-U.S. suspends aid to Pakistan

India helps East Pakistan secede and establish the independent state of Bangladesh in 1971. U.S. does not aid Pakistan.

-U.S. resumes aid to Pakistan

1975.

-U.S. suspends aid to Pakistan

In 1979, U.S. learns about the Nuclear Arms Project constructing a uranium-enrichment facility in Pakistan and decides to suspend aid.

-U.S. resumes aid to Pakistan

The Soviets invade Afghanistan in 1981. The U.S. provides $3.2 billion of economic and military aid to Pakistan. The Central Intelligence Agency (U.S. CIA) helps the Inter-Services Intelligence (Pakistan ISI) in providing training and arms to the Afghan Resistance group, Mujahedeen (training operated in Pakistan) to fight against the Soviets.

-U.S. suspends aid to Pakistan

The Soviets leave Afghanistan in 1990 and U.S. suspends aid to Pakistan.

-U.S. resumes aid to Pakistan

2001: War on Terror. After the attack on the World Trade Center on 9/11, the U.S. mends relations and aids Pakistan to rid itself of Taliban and Al-Qaeda operations in Pakistan. The hunt for the leader of Al-Qaeda and mastermind of the WTC attack, Osama Bin Laden, begins.

The members of the Taliban and Al-Qaeda had received U.S. training and weapons in 1981, to fight against the Soviets. The U.S. is trying to rid the world of terrorists it had created. In 2009, the U.S. gives $7.5 billion of non-military aid to further improve its bi-polar relations with Pakistan.

Click here for a complete timeline of events

Current Analysis of Pakistan-United States Relations

 

Osama Bin Laden: Top Priority of CIA

President Obama places the capture/assassination at sight, of Osama Bin Laden, as top priority on the list of the CIA, shortly after being elected as President. In May 2010, the CIA gets a lead on Osama’s whereabouts. In August 2010, the location of Osama Bin Laden is confirmed. On May 1, 2011, Osama Bin Laden is announced dead.

Why did it take the U.S. military 9 months to eliminate the terrorist?

 

Political Conspiracy?

The U.S. military captured Saddam Hussein on December 14, 2003. Former President George W. Bush’s presidential campaign was launched a few months before the capture and execution of Hussein, and Bush won the chair for another four years.

President Obama’s campaign was launched a few months ago. The timing of the execution of Osama could not have been more perfect. Does the fresh implantation of trust in the President of our State guarantee his seat for another four years?

For all you people who believe in conspircay, this is a great read!

Global fingers point at Pakistan

Osama Bin Laden was assassinated in Ambottobot, Pakistan at a location roughly two kilometers from a Pakistani military academy. 20-foot walls and barbed wire surrounded Osama’s mansion. It lacked phone lines and Internet connection. It was the biggest “house” in the vicinity. However, Pakistan claims to be unaware that the world’s most wanted terrorist was residing within its borders, in and out for the past decade. When the U.S. military sent in Navy Seals via helicopter into Ambottobot, the Pakistani government was not informed or consulted with. However, Pakistan denies this and wishes to share credibility for the execution of Bin Laden, but is in a position where it can neither accept nor deny the accusation of knowing his whereabouts. If Pakistan sticks to it’s ignorance of Osama’s whereabouts, they will not be credited for the execution and will be seen as nation with a failed security system. If Pakistan says they knew of Osama’s whereabouts and wishes to be accredited for the execution, they will be seen by the global society as a protector of Osama for the past decade.

Click here for an article by CNN 

Fox News covers the story of Osama’s death

Future of Pakistan-United States Relations

Will Pakistan be charged with secretly supporting a global terrorist or will the U.S. buy its story of ignorance? Well one thing is for sure; this incident is grounds for the U.S. to suspend aid to Pakistan.

 

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Escaping Jail to Land in Prison

12 Apr

The revolution in Tunisia this past year began a series of uprisings throughout the Arab World. Egypt overthrew their dictator, who was in power for 30 years. Hosni Mubarak fled the country, when the Egyptian military changed sides to fight against the government, with the Egyptian people. In the midst and commotion of celebration, the Egyptian Military took charge of the nation, until a democratic government is established. This establishment may take three months, six months, or even a year.

Update on Egypt

Since Mubarak’s regime has ended, the Egyptians believed his oppressive rules and regulations would also end. That is until a blogger was sentenced to three years in prison for critisizing the Military. The deputy Middle East director for the New York-based Human Rights Watch organization (HRW), Joe Stork, says that the last time such an oppressive action taken against the Egyptian public was in 2007 when Mubarak had sentenced a blogger to four years in prison for voicing his opinion; that happened to be against Mubarak’s Regime.  It is far too soon to predict the future of Egypt, but the Military’s view points are quite similar to that of the ex-president’s.

Go!

22 Feb

Eighty-two year old, Ex-President Hosni Mubarak of Egypt was in power for thirty years until a couple of weeks ago when he was overthrown by his people. According to this picture, Mubarak is put on a pedestal next to the pharaohs of Egypt; by whom? Not by the protesters of the recent revolution that took place in Egypt.

Here is what an ordinary citizen of Egypt had to say, during the revolution, about the soon-to-be Ex-President and former government of his country:

“You have closed all doors to peaceful change.Our message today consists of one word: go

On February 9th, 2011 the Revolution in Egypt enters it’s 17th day. The bright lights that resemble currents of electricity passing through a circuit are candles, which the Egyptian people are taking around a military tank in Egypt to honor the pro-democracy protestors who lost their lives in the process of overthrowing Mubarak. Just two days after the vigil, the ex-president resigns. Go, Egypt Go! you’ve done it!

When Vice-President, Omar Suleiman announces the resignation from office of Hosni Mubarak, the Egyptian people crowd into Tahrir Square to celebrate their victory. After thirty years of resisting a dictatorship, the Egyptian people finally breathe a sigh of relief. Protestors express their joy by kissing the Egyptian soldiers, falling to their knees in tears and firing fireworks into the liberated Egyptian air. They have found the power of freedom and vow to never let it go.

“Now Egyptians are free. All of Egypt is liberated. Now we will choose our leaders, and if we don’t like them, they will go.”

Jar Stand Quail Chick

MUBARAK

Meaning: Congratulations